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Edible NTFPs

NTFP Centre of Excellence in 2008-09 carried out a baseline survey of 101 vegetable markets in Tripura covering a total of 1295 NTFP Sellers to know the consumption pattern of edible NTFPs. Survey was carried out during summer months in 56 markets (16 in North Tripura, 6 in Dhalai, 23 in West Tripura and 11 in South Tripura), covering a total of 882 sellers of NTFP vegetables and 45 markets (7 in North Tripura, 10 in Dhalai, 11 in West Tripura and 17 in South Tripura) during winter months, covering a total of 413 sellers of NTFP vegetables.

From the survey data, it can be inferred that during summer months, edible NTFPs are sold in the local markets mostly by ST category people, but there is no significant correlation with their economic status. Around 76% of the NTFP sellers get more than half of their total monthly income from NTFPs and more than 56% of the sellers get at least three-fourths of their total income from NTFPs. This shows the extent of dependence of forest fringe dwelling ST category people of Tripura on NTFPs.

During winter months, edible NTFPs are sold in the local markets mostly by ST category people, mostly belonging BPL category. During winter months, around 47% of the NTFP sellers get more than half of their total monthly income from NTFPs. More than 37% of the sellers get at least three-fourths of their total income from NTFPs during winter months. This shows the extent of dependence of forest fringe dwelling ST category people of Tripura on NTFPs.
Some Non-edible NTFPs and their uses
Sl No Local name Scientific name Remarks
1 Bamboo (Bansh) Bambusa balcooa, Bambusa tulda, Bambusa polymorpha, etc Used as posts, for walls, handicrafts, agriculture.
2 Cane (Bet) Calamus tenuis, Daemonorops jenkinsianus Used for furnitures, handicrafts and implements
3 Creepers Ichnocarpus frutescens Binding and tying
4 Dhup Canarium strictum Mosquito repellents, religious functions
5 Grass (Chhan, Kush) Imperatus cylindrica; Eragrostis cynosoroides Used in thatched roofs & shafts and in religious functions
6 Leaves (Kachuri pana) Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia spp, Dalbergia spp Used for making compost, mulching.
7 Muli bamboo Melocanna baccifera Fencing material & young shoots as food
8 Rifuji lata Mikania cordata Forage/ fodder
9 Ghash Crysopogon aciculatus Fodder
10 Mehendi Lawsonia inermis For dyeing
11 Hartaki Terminalia chebula Fruit used in tanning
12 Udal Sterculia villosa Fibre
13 Pichla Microcos paniculata Fibre
14 Simul Bombax ceiba Fibre
15 Bel Aegle marmelos Fruits pulp eaten & leaves used in religious ceremonies
16 Bat Ficus religiosa Leaves used in religious ceremonies; supports wildlife
17 Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Leaves used in religious ceremonies
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